Are Damascus Steel Rings Sizable?
A Damascus Wedding band that can be resized is a ring made for life
When selecting a Damascus Steel wedding band, resizing is important to consider
This is one of our most frequently asked questions and the simple answer is, it depends on who made the ring. Because large manufactures are flooding the market with cheap Damascus Steel rings without concern for longevity or quality, the general understanding is that all Damascus rings are not sizable. This blog will hopefully help debunk that notion and give you some helpful information for selecting a quality Damascus steel ring for yourself or loved one.
Damascus steel is made by a process of hot forge welding multiple layers of different types of steel together to form one unified block or billet of patterned metal (to learn more check out our blog on What is Damascus Steel?). When done well, this process creates strong metallurgical bonds between the layers on an atomic level. When not executed properly, those bonds can be weak and brittle. The main two factors that go into making strong welds in a piece of Damascus are materials and technique.
Damascus Steel Materials
It is important to select two alloys (types) of steel that work well together and are ideally suited for the intended application - rings. To identify the best alloys for bonding together one must have sufficient knowledge of the mechanical and metallurgical properties of the two alloys in order to assess their compatibility with each other and the intended application. So what does this mean? If the alloys have very different working properties such as hardness or ductility, when they are subjected to the forces required to stretch a ring up or size one down, the bonds between the layers (or even the harder alloy itself) will fail. In a similar way, if the alloys used are not suitable for rings (such as hardened tool steel alloys) sizing will destroy the ring. Many Damascus ring producers repurpose material designed for knife blades, not rings. The benefit of using these alloys for knives is so it will have a hard, sharp long-lasting cutting edge. This is exactly the opposite of what is required for a ring to be ductile enough to hold up to sizing. Tool steels are hard, and can also be extremely brittle. Sizing a Damascus steel ring made with hard tool steel would almost certainly result in delamination (separation along the layers) or fractures across the surface of the band.
Damascus Steel TechniquE
There are many approaches to creating Damascus Steel material. The crucial practice in them all that determines the quality of the bonds is the cleanliness of the surfaces of the layers of metal in billet. If metal is not cleaned properly, or heated in an oxygen rich environment, oxides will form on the surface of the metal. These oxides will severely degrade the strength and purity of the bonds between the layers and considerably increase the risk of delamination.
These considerations are paramount for producing quality, sizable Damascus steel rings. If the wrong alloys of steel are used or poor forging practices contaminate the bonds between layers, there is little chance a ring made from that Damascus could be resized successfully.
How are Steven Jacob Damascus Steel Rings different?
We make Damascus Steel for the one purpose only, our jewelry. We use the best and most compatible marine quality alloys of Stainless Steel, 304 and 316, and have our own patented techniques for forging them together that achieve superior metallurgical bonds every time. We heat treat each of our rings to ensure an optimal metallurgical properties for uncompromising quality. Our Damascus rings are harder than any conventional jewelry metals, but still soft enough to be removed by standard emergency room ring cutters. We make rings to last a lifetime, pure and simple. That is the real reason that all of Steve Jacob Damascus steel rings are guaranteed sizable, because we know how important this ring will be for you.
Quick Buying Tip - If a ring is sizable it will usually say so in the product description or details.